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제목 [법무] 캄보디아 민법상의 소멸시효
작성일 2013-07-24 18:07:22 조회수 4063

[법무] 캄보디아 민법상의 소멸시효

 

법무법인 에이펙스 캄보디아사무소
이경천 변호사(kclee@apexlaw.co.kr)

 

[질의]

 

캄보디아 민법상의 소멸시효는 어떻게 되나요?

 

[답변]

 

현재 캄보디아 민법은 2011 12 21일부터 신민법이 시행되고 있습니다.

 

1.     구법상의 소멸시효 기간 (Decree dated October 28, 1988 referring to Contract and Other Liabilities)

 

가.  계약상의 의무위반으로 인한 손해배상청구의 경우 : 5

 

Article 25.

Except where the law prescribes differently, obligations resulting from a contract shall be deemed to have expired if the oblige party has not sued for performance within 5 years of the date defined in the contract, or where the date is not defined in the contract, the date of entering into the contract shall be the date.

 

나.  불법행위로 인한 손해배상청구의 경우 : 3 

 

Article 121.

Any person who causes damages to others by reason of his own fault, shall be liable in compensation for such damage. Even where the damage is caused by involuntary acts such as carelessness or negligence, the offender shall be liable.

 

Article 135.

The limitation period for claiming compensation for damage will be limited to three years.

 

2.     신민법상의 소멸시효 기간 (the Civil Code of the Kingdom of Cambodia)

 

가.  일반적인 민법상의 청구권 경우 : 5

 

캄보디아 민법에서 달리 정하지 아니하는 , 일반적인 청구권은 5년의 소멸시효에 걸리게 됩니다.

 

Article 482.

the extinctive prescription period for claims is five years, except as otherwise provided in this Code or in other laws of ordinances.

 

나.  계약상의 채무불이행으로 인한 금전청구권 : 5

 

Article 406.

the period of extinctive prescription applicable to the right to demand compensation for damage based on non-performance is five years from the time when the damages occured.

 

다.  불법행위로 인한 손해배상청구권 : 손해를 날로부터 3, 불법행위가 있은 날로부터 10

 

Article 765.

the right to demand damages on account of ac tortious act shall be extinguished by prescription upon the expiration of three years from the time that the injured party or such party's legal representative becomes aware that he is entitled to seek damages against the tortious actor, or the years from the time that the tortious act occured.

 

3.    구법과 신민법과의 관계

 

캄보디아 신민법이 적용되기 전에 구법에 따라 청구권의 소멸시효가 완성된 경우에는 신민법이 적용되지 아니하고, 신민법이 적용될 당시 구법에 따라 청구권의 소멸시효가 완성되지 아니한 경우에는 신민법이 적용됩니다.

 

Law on Implementation of the Civil Code Article 48. (transitional Provision for Extinctive Prescription regarding Claim)

1. Provisions for extinctive prescription regarding claim set forth in the Civil Code shall apply to claim which is not yet extinguished by extinctive prescription before the Date of Application.

2. Notwithstanding the paragraph 1 above, if extinctive prescription of claim, which is calculated prior to the Date of Application, is longer than the extinctive prescription of claim stipulated in the Civil Code, until it reaches due date of extinctive prescription of claim set by previous law or other legal provisions. However, in case that remaining extinctive prescription exceeds extinctive prescription of claim on obligation stipulated in the Civil Cod, which is calculated from the Date of Application, then provisions of the Civil Code shall apply for the calculation from the Date of Application.

3. In case of an indefinite duration of extinctive prescription of claim, the provision of extinctive prescription of claim on obligation in the Civil Code shall apply by calculating from the Date of Application.

 

 

이전글
[법무] 캄보디아 국유지 투자법 문의
다음글
[회계] 베트남과 캄보디아의 조세제도 차이
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